Fun Facts About Fort Knox
- On June 28th, 1935, President Franklin Delano Roosevelt authorized construction of the federal bullion depository at Fort Knox, Kentucky
- Amount of present gold holdings: 147.3 million ounces.
- The only gold removed has been very small quantities used to test the purity of gold during regularly scheduled audits. Except for these samples, no gold has been transferred to or from the Depository for many years.
- The gold is held as an asset of the United States at book value of $42.22 per ounce.
- The Depository opened in 1937; the first gold was moved to the depository in January that year.
- Highest gold holdings this century: 649.6 million ounces (December 31, 1941).
- Size of a standard gold bar: 7 inches x 3 and 5/8 inches x 1 and 3/4 inches.
- Weight of a standard gold bar: approximately 400 ounces or 27.5 pounds.
- Construction of the depository:
Building materials used included 16,000 cubic feet of granite, 4,200 cubic yards of concrete, 750 tons of reinforcing steel, and 670 tons of structural steel.
The cost of construction was $560,000 and the building was completed in December 1936.
- In the past, the Depository has stored the Declaration of Independence, the U.S. Constitution, the Articles of Confederation, Lincoln’s Gettysburg address, three volumes of the Gutenberg Bible, and Lincoln’s second inaugural address.
- In addition to gold bullion, the Mint has stored valuable items for other government agencies. The Magna Carta was once stored there. The crown, sword, scepter, orb, and cape of St. Stephen, King of Hungary also were stored at the Depository, before being returned to the government of Hungary in 1978.
- The Depository is a classified facility. No visitors are permitted, and no exceptions are made.
Special thanks to www.usmint.gov
The Pearl Harbor Memorial rests atop the sunken USS. Arizona
Facts About the Attack on Pearl Harbor
- Franklin Delano Roosevelt
President Franklin D. Roosevelt said, “December 7, 1941, a date which will live in infamy,” in reference to the attack.
- Three prime targets escaped damage, the U.S. Pacific Fleet aircraft carriers, the Lexington, Enterprise and Saratoga. They were not in the port when the attack took place.
- Another target, the base fuel tanks also escaped damage.
- Casualties included 2,335 servicemen and 68 civilians.
- 1178 people were wounded.
- The day after the attack the U.S. and Britain declared war on Japan.
- Pearl Harbor is the Naval Base for the U.S. Pacific Fleet.
- Pearl Harbor is the headquarters of the U.S. Pacific Fleet.
- Pearl Harbor has 10 square miles of navigable water.
- The harbour is on the southern coast of Oahu.
- The Japanese were interested in the Hawaiian islands since the islands were annexed by the U.S. in 1898.
- An admiral said, “leaving aside the unspeakable treachery of it, the Japanese did a fine job.”
- Japanese suffered just small losses.
- The attack crippled the United States fleet.
- The Japanese deceived the U.S. by saying false statements and expressed interest in continued peace.
- Americans think of the attack as very dishonorable.
- The attack was planned weeks in advance.
- The main reason for the attack was over economic issues.
- Because of the unpreparedness of the U.S. military, Admiral Husband Kimmel and General Walter Short were relieved of duty.
- The attack severely crippled the U.S. naval and air strength in the Pacific.
- Of the eight battleships, all but the Arizona and Oklahoma were eventually repaired and returned to service.
- On December 8, 1941, Congress declared war on Japan with only one vote against it. The vote against it was of Represenative Jeannette Rankin of Montana, who had also voted against U.S. entry into World War I.
- Once the fleet was out of action, Japan would be able to conquest a great area.
- A U.S. Army private who noticed the large flight of planes on his radar screen was told to ignore them because a flight of B-17s from the continental U.S. was expected at the time.
- More than 180 U.S. aircraft were destroyed.
Special thanks to www.bigsiteofamazingfacts.com and www.absoluteastronomy.com