Tag Archives: United Nations

Interpol: Aiding Cross-border Law Enforcement and Cooperation

Interpol: Established September 7th, 1923

Interpol: Established September 7th, 1923

 

Fun Facts About Interpol

 

Interpol offices1. Interpol (International Criminal Police Organization, O.I.P.C., ICPO) was founded in Austria in 1923 to facilitate cross-border police cooperation. The word ‘Interpol’, contraction of ‘international police’, was chosen in 1946 as the telegraphic address.

2. Interpol is the world’s third largest international organization, after the United Nations and FIFA, with 186 member countries financed by annual contributions of about €41.7 million from its member countries.

3. It was located in Germany from 1942 to 1946, and its staff and facilities were used as an information gathering unit for the Gestapo. After World War II, the agency was reconstituted and headquartered in Paris. Today the organization is headquartered in Lyon, France.

4. The United Nations recognized Interpol as an intergovernmental organization in 1971.

Its principal services are to provide its member countries with information on the whereabouts of international criminals, to held seminars on crime detection science, and to facilitate the apprehension of criminals.

5. Contrary to the popular belief, Interpol officers do not operate directly in member countries and are not involved in the actual law enforcement. Interpol’s main role is to pass the information.

6. Interpol maintains a large database of unsolved crimes, convicted and alleged criminals. Member nations may access specific sections of this database at any time, while its police forces are encouraged to check information collected by Interpol whenever a major crime is committed.

7. In 2003 Interpol established Command and Co-ordination Centre, enabling the organization to operate 24 hours a day, seven days a week.

8. Since 2002 Interpol has also been maintaining a database of lost and stolen identification and travel documents, and by 2006 this database contained over ten million identification items reported lost or stolen.

Special thanks to http://facts.trendstoday.info 

Leave a comment

Filed under Criminal Justice, Historical Events & Figures, Travel

San Marino: The World’s Oldest Republic

The Flag of San Marino

Fun Facts About San Marino

  • San Marino is a tiny state bordered by the Italian regions of Emilia-Romagna to the north and east and Marche to the south and west.
  • A person from San Marino is called Sammarinese. Sammarinese is used for both singular and plural tense.
  • The landscape is for the most part green with rolling hills, dominated by the three peaks of Mount Titano.
  • Within San Marino lie the capital of the same name and eight villages.
  • The third smallest state in Europe (after the Vatican and Monaco).
  • San Marino

    San Marino on the map

    San Marino claims to be the world’s oldest republic.

  • According to tradition, it was founded by a Christian stonemason named Marinus in 301 A.D. who escaped from the Roman Empire to seek freedom from religious persecution.  Marinus settled at the base of Mount Titano.
  • San Marino’s foreign policy is aligned with that of Italy, as are social and political trends.
  • San Marino has 9 municipalities (castelli, singular – castello); Acquaviva, Borgo Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano, Faetano, Fiorentino, Montegiardino, San Marino Citta, Serravalle.
  • The tourist sector contributes over 50% of GDP.
  • In 2000 more than 3 million tourists visited San Marino.
  • The key industries are banking, wearing apparel, electronics, and ceramics. Main agricultural products are wine and cheeses.
  • The per capita level of output and standard of living are comparable to those of the most prosperous regions of Italy, which supplies much of its food.
  • San Marino became a member of the United Nations in 1992. Although San Marino doesn’t do much for the United Nations, it does pay 0.002% of the U.N.’s annual fees. (That means that for every $50,000 the U.N. needs, San Marino pays $1)

Special thanks to www.travel-island.com and www.funtrivia.com

Leave a comment

Filed under Historical Events & Figures, Travel